Falls, Footwear, and Podiatric Interventions in Older Adults
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Authors: Hatton AL, Rome K.
Publication: Clinics in geriatric medicine
Footwear is a modifiable risk factor for falls in older adults, including populations with metabolic disease, inflammatory arthritis, and neurodegenerative disease. Ill-fitting footwear, and specific design features, such as elevated heels and backless styles, can impair balance control and heighten the risk of falling. Although foot care is routine practice for some older adults to prevent ulceration (eg, diabetes) or relieve symptoms (eg, foot pain), new footwear interventions are emerging with the potential to ameliorate balance and walking impairments. Multifaceted podiatric interventions, which include appropriate footwear and importantly patient education, may have the capacity to reduce falls in older adults.