Prevalence and Risk Factors of Lower Limb Amputation in Patients with End-Stage Renal Failure on Dialysis: A Systematic Review

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Authors: Gilhotra,R. A.;Rodrigues,B. T.;Vangaveti,V. N.;Malabu,U. H.

Publication: International journal of nephrology

Year: 2016

Volume: 2016

Start Page: 4870749

ABSTRACT:

Background: Renal dialysis has recently been recognised as a risk factor for lower limb amputation (LLA). However, exact rates and associated risk factors for the LLA are incompletely understood.

Aim: Prevalence and risk factors of LLA in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) subjects on renal dialysis were investigated from the existing literature.

Methods: Published data on the subject were derived from MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar search of English language literature from January 1, 1980, to July 31, 2015, using designated key words.

Results: Seventy studies were identified out of which 6 full-text published studies were included in this systematic review of which 5 included patients on haemodialysis alone and one included patients on both haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The reported findings on prevalence of amputation in the renal failure on dialysis cohort ranged from 1.7% to 13.4%. Five out of the six studies identified diabetes as the leading risk factor for amputation in subjects with ESRF on renal dialysis. Other risk factors identified were high haemoglobin A1c, elevated c-reactive protein, and low serum albumin.

Conclusions: This review demonstrates high rate of LLA in ESRF patients receiving dialysis therapy. It has also identified diabetes and markers of inflammation as risk factors of amputation in ESRF subjects on dialysis.

  • Listing ID: 4656
  • Author/s: Gilhotra,R. A.;Rodrigues,B. T.;Vangaveti,V. N.;Malabu,U. H.
  • Publication: International journal of nephrology
  • Year: 2016
  • Start Page: 4870749